Virtues Of Ramadan
“O you who believe, fasting has been prescribed for you as it has been prescribed for people before you so that you will (learn how to) attain Taqwa” [al-Baqarah, 2:183]
The Prophet SAW addressed his companions on the last day of Sha`ban, saying: “Oh people! A great month has come over you; a blessed month; a month in which is a night better than a thousand months (lailatul qadr); month in which Allah has made it compulsory upon you to fast by day, and voluntary to pray by night. Whoever draws nearer (to Allah) by performing any of the nafl (optional) good deeds in (this month) shall receive the same reward as performing an obligatory (fard) deed at any other time, and whoever discharges an obligatory deed in (this month) shall receive the reward of performing seventy obligations at any other time. It is the month of patience, and the reward of patience is Heaven. It is the month of charity, and a month in which a believer’s sustenance is increased. Whoever gives food to a fasting person to break his fast shall have his sins forgiven, and he will be saved from the Fire of Hell, and he shall have the same reward as the fasting person, without his reward being diminished at all.”
The Prophet SAW also said: “Ramadan has come to you. It is a month of blessing, in which Allah covers you with blessing, for He sends down Mercy, decreases sins and answers prayers. In it, Allah looks at your competition (in good deeds), and boasts about you to His angels. So show Allah goodness from yourselves, for the unfortunate one is he who is deprived in (this month) of the mercy of Allah, the Mighty, the Exalted.”
He SAW also said: “Whoever fasted Ramadan with faith and in expectancy of reward, his previous sins are forgiven.”
And said that: “When Ramadan comes, the gates of Heaven are opened, the gates of Hell are closed, and the devils are chained.” And in a narration from Nasa’i, the following words are added: “and a caller calls out every night: ‘Oh seeker of good, draw near! Oh seeker of Evil, desist!’ “
The Prophet SAW said, “Allah said: The Fast is for Me and I will give the reward for it, as he (the one who observes the fast) leaves his sexual desire, food and drink for My Sake. Fasting is a screen (from Hell) and there are two pleasures (moments of happiness or joys) for a fasting person, one at the time of breaking his fast, and the other at the time when he will meet his Lord. And the smell of the mouth of a fasting person is better in Allah’s Sight than the smell of musk.”
Abdullah Ibn Amr Ibn al-Aas also reported that the Messenger of Allah SAW said: “Indeed there is for the fasting person, when he breaks his fast, a supplication which is not rejected”.
He also reported that the Prophet SAW said: “The fast and the Qur’an are two intercessors for the servant of Allah on the Day of Resurrection. The fast will say: ‘O Lord, I prevented him from his food and desires during the day. Let me intercede for him.’ The Qur’an will say: ‘I prevented him from sleeping at night. Let me intercede for him.’ And their intercession will be accepted.”
The best deeds in Ramadan are those that Allah SWT commanded us to perform (Fard). In Ramadan, our hearts must be filled with piety. We should follow closely the guidance of the Prophet SAW in all what he did to become closer to Allah and stay away from what He forbids. Reciting the Qur’an and understanding Its meaning is very important. It is vital to be good to our relatives, and forgive fellow Muslims for the sake of Allah, give to the needy, and invoke Allah as much as we can, especially during prostration (sajdah), last third part of the night, and on Fridays. Ramadan must be a new, sincere, and true beginning with Allah.
Ramadan is by nature a time of sacrifice. it is a period of fasting, reflection, devotion, generosity and sacrifice observed by Muslims with humility in front of Allah SWT to gain piety (taqwa) and self-restraint, to purify our souls, and guard ourselves against the temptations of our nafs. In this blessed month, Allah SWT locks up the devils, in order to give us full chance to ask Allah for forgiveness and mercy. Our main concern should be that this month does not end without changing our hearts and filling them with iman and enlightening them with the Quran.